Analysing Program And Portfolio Management For Projects
A program is a group of related projects that have a common objective. It offers great control over constituent projects and delivers benefits that the organisation can use to meet it’s goals.
A Program is managed by a program manager, and individual projects are managed by project managers who work for the program manager.
However, all projects need not always be part of a program. Projects that do not have a common objective, but still are managed in a group, are generally known as multiple projects.
A computer servicing firm launched a new program that aims at expanding it’s servicing firm. This expansion program consists of many projects such as market research to establish demand, construction of new branches, franchisee selection, designing the marketing campaign, and consolidation of customer base by establishing loyalty programs.
A Portfolio is a collection of projects, programs and operational work to achieve the strategic business objectives of an organisation. The projects in a portfolio may or may not be interdependent, but they are grouped to give management a broader view of the organisation’s projects and their adherence to organisational objectives.
For a project to be part of a portfolio, its attributes such as cost, resource requirements, timelines, strategic goals, and benefits should be in line with other projects in the portfolio.
Portfolios are generally managed by a senior manager or senior management teams.
Alternate energy-producing designed a breakthrough technology capitalising on solar energy. The company’s s strategy is to exploit the technical know-how in all possible areas to generate revenue and become a trend seller.
It initiated a portfolio that contains various programs and independent projects to identify the potential use of this technology in power generation, transportation in power generation, transportation, and domestic and industrial markets.
The portfolio also included other operational work such as administration and logistic related activities. It is essential for the company to ensure that the operational work continuously supports the projects and programs.
Program management includes related and Interdependent projects, while a portfolio may include several otherwise unrelated projects if they all support major goals or a significant product line.
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